ATTENTION

LIMITED CAPACITY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES FOR PROCESSING INFORMATION

THEORIES OF ATTENTION
FILTER MODELS
Problems for Early Filter Models
AUTOMATIC VS CONTROLLED (DELIBERATE) PROCESSING
Predicted effects for automatic and effortful processing
Automatic Processing                                                                      Effortful Processing
                                            Intentional versus incidental learning:
No difference                                                                                    Intentional Better
                                            Effect of instructions and practice:
No effects                                                                                          Both improve performance
                                            Task interference:
No interference                                                                                Interference
                                            Depression or high arousal:
No effects                                                                                         Decreased performance
                                            Developmental trends:
None                                                                                 Decreased performance in young children or elderly
PROCESS SPECIFIC APPROACH: PRACTICAL APPLICATION